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Becoming an Industrial Engineer

What Every Food Manufacturer Needs To Know About Food Allergy Cross Contamination

Posted by on Dec 28, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on What Every Food Manufacturer Needs To Know About Food Allergy Cross Contamination

Food allergies can be life threatening, and it affects 1 out of every 13 children in the United States. It’s been estimated that as many as 15 million Americans have allergies to food. Because of the prevalence of food allergies today, many food manufacturers are concerned with the possibility of cross contamination and the potential lawsuits that could arise. If you are the owner or general manager of a food manufacturing facility, it is crucial that you understand cross contamination in regard to food allergies. Here’s what you need to know.  Understand Cross Contamination of Food  All it takes is 1/1,000 of a single peanut for some people to have a deadly allergic reaction. Think about how easily that tiny amount can remain on conveyor belts or on baking pans and other types of food preparation equipment. In many food manufacturing facilities, air compressors are used to blow crumbs and particles off of important equipment. Unfortunately, in doing so, your employees could be contaminating nearby surfaces with the food allergen.  Even more importantly, is to understand that air compressors have air intake vents that suction in air when it is needed during operation of the equipment. However, these air intakes allow for food allergens to actually get into the air compressor itself. Therefore, when the air compressor is used it can blow the allergen anywhere in the facility each time a nozzle is used to blow crumbs off of a piece of equipment or the air compressor system blows air into packaging for insertion of food products.  Test & Service Air Compressors Therefore, when you process food with one of the 8 common food allergens that produce life-threatening reactions, it’s crucial that you conduct routine testing of the air compressors in your facility. The 8 foods are milk, eggs, wheat, soybeans, peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish and fish. If you use one or more of these foods as an ingredient in your facility, speak with your air compressor service technician about food allergen test kits for the air compressors in your facility. These are test kits that are designed for easy use by the equipment operators in your facility. If allergens are food in the compressed air, a thorough cleaning of the entire system will need to be conducted by your air compressor service technician. Given the potential enormity of this type of situation and how it can cause you to fail safety and health inspections as well as put your facility at risk of a lawsuit if a customer has an allergic reaction, it’s a good idea to take every precaution possible in reducing the amount of cross contamination possibilities in your facility. This may mean down time for your operation while the air compressor system is being thoroughly cleaned. However, due to these types of concerns, many food manufacturing facilities are covering themselves by warning their customers of potential cross contamination problems directly on packaging and labels.  Deciding To Label or Not to Label While the Food and Drug Administration requires all food manufacturers to list the 8 most common food allergies on their labels when they are ingredients, there are no safety mandated regulations requiring manufacturers to label if products “may contain” food allergens. However, given the concern of the millions of people who have life-threatening food allergies, as...

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A Guide For Choosing A Fabrication Company

Posted by on Dec 7, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on A Guide For Choosing A Fabrication Company

You wouldn’t dream of embarking on a new building project without the proper plans designed by an architect or building designer. These become the framework that drives the project and ensures that your dreams are brought to fruition, but architectural plans aren’t the only thing you need to complete your building project. Choosing the best fabrication company to make the materials you will need is vital to the success of your proposed project. Follow these straightforward guidelines for choosing the best fabrication company for your job to ensure quality materials are part of your plan. Certification: Look for a fabrication company with ASME certification. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers applies rigorous quality and safety standards. ASME certification verifies that the company implements procedures to ensure quality products that meet safety and quality standards. Look for certifications in the specific area your work will encompass. ASME certifications cover a range of areas from Boiler and Pressure Vessel (NQA) to Nuclear Quality Assurance (BPV) as well as a range of Personnel certifications. Transportation: Having direct access to the proper transportation of materials and finished products is a major concern. This determines how quickly and efficiently your building materials will reach your site after they are fabricated. Look for a company that is located near major highways and waterways. Companies located in remote areas may produce quality materials, but you may face unnecessary delays due to challenges in transporting the materials that may slow down your building project. Equipment: Many fabrication jobs require industrial equipment such as forklifts, cherry pickers, cranes and other heavy-duty equipment. Make sure the company you choose has adequate up-to-date equipment to handle your job. If the company needs to rent equipment, or is currently using old or out-of-date equipment, you may find yourself waiting for equipment repairs or facing delays because the company cannot get the work done at the proper time. Quality Standards: Check the company’s commitment to quality and safety. A reputable company knows that a faulty part can put lives in danger or cause unnecessary and costly repairs. Ask about its quality assurance policies and procedures for quality control. A reputable company will be eager to share their quality control measures with you. Training and Expertise: Fabrication requires attention to detail and skill. Employees should demonstrate knowledge, expertise and experience in their role in the fabrication company. Inquire about the qualifications, training and experience required of the company’s workers and make sure they have the skills necessary to complete your job. ASME certification in the worker’s area of expertise in recommended. It ensures professional competency and demonstrates the company’s commitment to quality workers. Reputation: The fabrication company’s reputation is important. Ask for a list of clients the company serves, check the Better Business Bureau and ask about any lawsuits or claims filed against the company in the past. Avoid companies with a questionable reputation as this may indicate a lack of commitment to quality and safety issues. Cost: It may be tempting to choose the company that can give you the best price on your building materials, but use caution. Quality materials are often more expensive than inferior products. Comparing prices between reputable companies may save you money, but don’t fall prey to letting the price dictate your bottom line. When it comes...

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Four Benefits Of Upgrading Your Crane To Use A Wireless Remote Control

Posted by on Oct 15, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Four Benefits Of Upgrading Your Crane To Use A Wireless Remote Control

If you own a business that uses cranes as a part of their daily operation, you know that this is a piece of equipment that seems to last forever. Unfortunately, without upgrades, it does not always operate as efficiently as it could. If you are not already using wireless remote controls for your crane, it may be one of the upgrades you need to consider. There are many benefits these upgrades will provide, which include giving you the opportunity to save money and make your equipment more efficient, safe, and easy to maintain.  Produces Lower Operating Costs The average hourly wage for a crane operator, like those at, is approximately $29.00 per hour. This amount can be much more, depending on the area you live in, the operator’s experience, or even your company’s wages. In addition to that operator, you probably have to use a floor person to hitch and signal the load. The crane operator’s job is to be available to operate the mechanical boom and cable, which will allow them to move your materials, machines, and products around your job site. If your crane operator is required to be ready and available at all times to perform their task, they might find themselves tied to the cab of the crane. If the job site is not ready for them to perform their work, they may sit idle for hours at a time waiting for loads to be identified for the crane. This often equates to wasted salary dollars. When you upgrade to remote control, you will be able to bring your crane operator to the floor, possibly eliminate the need for your floor person, and free your operator up for other duties when they are not physically operating the crane. By doing this, you will be able to reduce your operating cost. This will allow you to be more competitive in the market and submit lower job bids, which may result in more work.  Makes Your Operation More Efficient When you upgrade your crane to wireless remote operation, your operator will be able run your crane from an optimal location on the floor. They will be able to see, as well as be a part of the spotting, hooking, and loading operation. This will eliminate many of the inefficient voice and hand signals that are a part of the traditional mode of operation. Using wireless remote controls will: Keep the operator from having to climb in and out of the cab Allow the load to be moved correctly on the first try Produce more lifts per hour Permit the operator increased accuracy in spotting waiting loads Allow one operator to roam back and forth between several cranes without delays Makes Your Job Site Safer By allowing your crane operators to control your crane from the floor, they are able to move around obstacles, allowing them to have a better view of their surroundings. This allows them to identify any physical obstacles, as well as other personnel who may be in the hook path. Unlike pendant controls, which are connected to your crane, wireless remotes allow your operators to control the crane from a safe distance. This places them away from load swings and out of the reach of dropped loads. Makes Your Equipment Easier To Maintain Many...

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4 Questions To Help You Choose The Right Caster

Posted by on Aug 19, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 4 Questions To Help You Choose The Right Caster

There is really no one-size-fits-all approach to choosing the right caster because there are a number of variables involved. Even so, there are four main questions to ask yourself that will help narrow down your choices, making it easier to choose a caster that accommodates your needs. Your answers to the following questions will determine which caster is right for you. What is the weight of your load? This is the first question you should ask yourself before choosing a caster. The caster’s load capacity is the maximum weight each individual caster can support. As you peruse your options, make sure you select a caster rated for the weight of your load. To determine the load capacity you’ll need, divide the weight of your load by the number of casters being used. For example, if you’re adding four casters to the base of a 100 pound machine, each caster and wheel must support at least 25 pounds. Where will the casters be used? This question refers to the condition of the floor where the casters will be used. Look at factors like these when picking an appropriate type of caster and wheel: Carpeting vs. Hard Floor: For a carpeted floor, be sure to choose hard wheels because soft wheels do not roll easily across a rug. If you have hardwood or tile, go with soft wheels because they get better traction on a slippery floor and are less likely to scratch the floor’s surface. Floor Obstructions: If you will need to roll over cables, cracks, ridges or other obstructions, choose large wheels. Although a heavy-duty steel caster with small wheels may be rated to hold your load capacity, it is very difficult to roll small wheels over cables and flooring irregularities when they are weighted down. Harmful Conditions: When selecting casters for an industrial setting where chemicals, oils and other liquids are present, choose casters and wheels that will not be harmed from exposure. For instance, chemicals and acids on the floor may harm rubber wheels. A good rule of thumb to remember is the larger the wheel, the easier it will roll when supporting a load. How will the casters be fastened to the load? There are a variety of ways you can mount your casters to the load, so make sure you know which style of fastener you’ll need before you shop. If fastening with a plate mount, measure the base of your load to ensure there is adequate space to mount the casters. Traditional caster mounting options include: Mounting plate, also known as the top plate Threaded stems Grip ring stems Grip neck stems Expanding adapter stems Know the diameter of the bolt holes when choosing a caster with a mounting plate. When using one of the threaded fasteners, know the length and diameter of the stem. Are there height restrictions? In some situations, the vertical height of the caster is an important consideration when choosing the right one. Even if you are using an adjustable-height caster, make sure it doesn’t add too much height to your load. Say you’re planning to mount casters on a wooden storage box that will slide under your bed. The casters must be the correct vertical height so the load will easily slide under the bed without hitting the bed...

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5 Materials That Are Recycled From Commercial Solid Waste

Posted by on Jun 22, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 5 Materials That Are Recycled From Commercial Solid Waste

People all over are growing more concerned about the sustainability of our planet. According to World Population Balance, the current worldwide population is three times greater than the sustainable level of resources our planet provides us with. This is one reason why it is crucially important for everyone to recycle as many materials as possible, especially industrial and manufacturing facilities because they produce a higher amount of waste then consumers do in their homes. Here are 5 commercial solid waste materials that can be recycled and reused. Asphalt According to the National Association of Home Builders, 7 to 10 million tons of asphalt shingle waste is generated every year during roofing installations. Fortunately, asphalt shingles can be recycled. In 2010, as much as 1.10 million tons of asphalt shingles were recycled for use in asphalt paving. As you can see from the difference in numbers, some improvement can be made. Instead of discarding asphalt shingles, roofing contractors may want to consider recycling them. Paving contractors can do their part by asking their suppliers for recycled products. Then the contractors can market their businesses as environmentally friendly. Steel One of the most common recycled materials is steel. The primary reason for this is because steel scrap is used to make new steel. This is done in one of two heating processes: a basic oxygen furnace or an electric arc furnace. In a basic oxygen furnace, 25-35% of the steel comes from scrap, but in an electric arc furnace all of the steel is from scrap. This may be why you hear automobile industry experts say that at least 25% of vehicles are made from recycled steel, because that is the minimum amount of old steel that needs to be used when making new steel. Metal fabrication contractors often have a lot of ends and scraps that they send to scrap metal recyclers. Appliance repair technicians can recycle old refrigerators, dishwashers and washing machines. Plumbers can recycle old steel and copper pipes. Auto mechanics can recycle old parts. Sand Foundries use sand in the production of aluminum, steel, and iron products. When in liquid form, these metals are casted into sand molds. Over time, the sand becomes unusable as molds. Instead of being put into landfills, the sand is recycled and used in things like cement and masonry mortar mixes. Recycled foundry sand can also be used as base material for construction sites. Recycled foundry sand has a lower freezing temperature than soil and other sand. Due to the lower freezing temperatures, using this sand can allow construction to continue when temperatures drop. Coal Fly Ash Coal fly ash is a product of the combustion of coal when it is burned in power plants to create electricity. Instead of letting the coal fly ash float around in the air and harm the environment and all the people living around the power plant, special air scrubbers are used to collect the fly ash and clean it. This byproduct of the coal burning industry is used in ceiling tiles, dry wall, concrete, and as a filler material for things like bowling balls. Coal fly ash is recyclable, regardless of the original use of the byproduct. Tires Every vehicle has tires and they don’t last forever, which means there are a lot of tires...

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4 Wildlife Management Techniques For Safe Operation Of Industrial Water Pumps

Posted by on May 14, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 4 Wildlife Management Techniques For Safe Operation Of Industrial Water Pumps

As water is a vital nutrient for sustaining life, great care must be taken when pumping it out of areas rich with wildlife. Disturbing the water flow rate or quantity can seriously impact the health and survivability of local wildlife populations, especially fish, amphibians and reptiles. Luckily, as you approach each new pumping job, you can take a number of steps to minimize the impact you have on areas commonly frequented by wildlife. Once you have a conservation plan in place for each work site, you can pump water as needed without worry. Here’s what you need to know before you get started. Secure Necessary Permits If you are unsure about the job’s potential impact on local wildlife populations, look into the required permits in the region for additional insight. Permits granted for water removal take the health of the ecosystem into account to minimize the damage caused by construction efforts. The permit may address the total amount of water you can pump out of the area at one time or instate location limits to rule out at-risk areas. Remember to renew the permits before the given date to avoid fines and sanctions against you and your company. Control Removal Rate When you pull too much freshwater out of an area at one time, the environment cannot support the local wildlife. Without a reliable water source, wildlife may try to migrate out of the area or even fight over resources. You can accurately control the removal rate of the water to allow completion of the job at hand without damaging the local ecosystem. You may even be able to relocate the freshwater stores to give wildlife access to this nutrient while supporting the needs of the work crew.  Depending on your estimated project completion date, setting up a temporary water reservoir using a collapsible frame tank might be the easiest option. You can also support water reserves in that area by installing one or more open rainwater harvest tanks to provide wildlife with fresh drinking water.   Use Filter Mechanisms Industrial fluid pumps easily suck up fish and amphibians into the lines while moving water from one place to another. The fish and amphibians cannot escape the suction effect of water currents created by the pumping equipment. The only way you can protect the tiny wildlife from being trapped in the lines is by utilizing the correct filter mechanisms. Soft mesh filters gently keep the fish and amphibians out of the lines without impeding flow rates. You may need to check the ends of the lines on occasion to help smaller creatures break away from the filter materials as the pumps run full force. Briefly stopping the pump is usually enough to allow the creatures to swim away unharmed. Avoid Breeding Season Reptiles, amphibians and fish rely on biodiversity in the local water reservoirs to support their ventures during the breeding season and beyond. Furthermore, many of these creatures rely on the ability to move from one watery habitat to another in search of food and shelter while pregnant, whelping or raising young. If you pump water out of the region during this vital time, you could disrupt breeding efforts, and hinder overall biodiversity, which may drastically reduce the affected species’ population in that region.  By delaying the required...

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2 Ways A Deck Oven Could Improve Your Restaurant

Posted by on Dec 26, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

If you are like most novice restaurant owners, you might wonder why your executive chef is demanding a nice new deck oven. It can be hard to understand the pressing need for a fancy industrial oven, especially if you already own a run-of-the-mill version. However, your chef might know a thing or two that you don’t. Here are two ways a new deck oven could improve your restaurant, and why you won’t regret your decision later. 1: Air Circulation Have you ever baked in an uneven oven? Think back to the oven you had in your first college apartment. Unless your oven was brand-new, you probably ended up with crunchy, over-browned items that sat near the back of the oven, and under-done, mushy items that sat near the front. If you use an uneven oven in your new restaurant, your chef might end up constantly babysitting baking items, rotating pans, and carefully adjusting the temperature. In addition to slowing down kitchen turnaround time, uneven ovens also make it much harder to produce an even product. However, if you click here and invest in a nice deck oven that boasts a convection feature, all of those issues will melt away. Convection deck ovens use powerful, heatproof fans to perpetually circulate the air inside of the space, creating an incredibly even environment. Things in the front of the oven will have the same opportunity to brown as things in the back, so you won’t have to worry about giving certain tables one of the “good” rolls. Convection deck ovens are also useful if your chef needs to dry ingredients in your oven. For example, your chef could turn out perfectly dried meringues or dehydrated fruits by leaving them in the deck oven on a lower temperature.  Believe it or not, convection ovens are so efficient that they actually speed up cooking time. Because heat is perpetually blasting each part of the oven, convection ovens tend to cook things about 25% faster than traditional versions. If you are looking for a way to offer a consistent product to your guests in a hurry, you should invest in a convection deck oven. 2: Steam Have you ever wondered why some recipes call for fussy water baths, or why you just can’t seem to turn out a loaf of crispy bread? Although a perfectly smooth crème brûlée and a crunchy loaf of sourdough might seem like an impossible feat, with the addition of steam, anything is possible. Some deck ovens offer chefs the opportunity to control humidity and steam inside of the baking environment, which can make a huge difference. Water molecules heat up faster than air, so the addition of humidity can cook foods faster and more effectively. Deck ovens with humidity controls are usually referred to as “combi” ovens, which is short for “combination.” In addition to traditional baking, combi ovens can be used to flash-steam vegetables or rice, just in case your chef runs out of room on those burners. If you are concerned about saving money, that new combi deck oven will be your best friend. Combi ovens are generally computerized to carefully monitor the current condition of baked ingredients, so that they can shut off or change humidity levels when the item is done cooking. Instead of stressing out about missing...

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Renovating Your Own Kitchen? 3 Electrical Construction Mistakes That Can Cost You

Posted by on Dec 22, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

After watching a few online tutorials for how to install recessed lighting and remove laminate countertops, you might feel ready to renovate your own kitchen. Unfortunately, although your backsplash tile job might look great, doing your own novice electrical work can be dangerous. Here are three electrical construction mistakes that can cost you, and why you should hire a professional to tackle the job.  1: Skipping the GFCIs As you rip down walls and rearrange outlets, you might be tempted to install the run-of-the-mill electrical outlets that you are familiar with. Unfortunately, special outlets called GFCIs need to be installed in any area around sinks and water sources. GFCIs, or Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters, work by shutting off when they sense a dramatic surge of electrical current. Although this might not seem like a remarkable feature, it can make a big difference as you work in your kitchen. Since water is an excellent electrical conductor, a falling toaster as you hand wash your dishes could kill you. However, if you have GFCIs installed, the outlet will trip and protect you from a potentially fatal shock. Unfortunately, if you decide to skip over this important element of electrical building code, you could be leaving your family susceptible to harm. If you need to move outlets or install new electrical lines, hire a professional electrical contractor who can do the job safely according to code.  2: Uncovered Junction Boxes When you go through and install those nifty can lights through your attic floor to pop through your kitchen ceiling, it might not seem that important to cover up those junction boxes. Since all of the loose wires are capped, you probably figure that all is well. Unfortunately, if any of those twisted ends aren’t connected perfectly, they can generate a fair amount of heat. Since most junction boxes contain several pairs of wires, heat can build up fast and fires can start. What most people don’t realize about those seemingly simple junction boxes is that they actually halt the spread of fire. If you have a junction box covered properly, the wires will burn instead of sparking nearby wood or insulation. When you create junction boxes, don’t get lazy. Take the time to cap all of the wires properly, and invest a few extra pennies for box covers. It could save your home and family from a devastating fire.    3: Installing the Wrong Light Bulbs Are you looking for an easy way to make your kitchen a lot brighter? To quickly resolve lighting issues, many homeowners decide to switch out those low-wattage bulbs for a more powerful variety. Unfortunately, using the wrong light bulbs in a lamp or ceiling lighting fixture can cause a slew of serious electrical problems. Believe it or not, those stickers plastered to the sides of lamps and around the insides of dome lights aren’t simple suggestions. Every lighting fixture is wired to carry a certain amount of current, and installing a higher wattage bulb can cause the wires to burn out. After pulling too much current for a while, those wires might need to be replaced. When high-wattage bulbs are used in dome lights, they can also heat up the entire interior of the light, and cause the fixture to melt from the inside out....

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Dumpster Management To Reduce Pest Problems: 3 Techniques To Implement

Posted by on Dec 12, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

To get rid of trash in your home, you may have decided to rent a dumpster and subscribe to waste removal services. Depending on the size of your household and the amount of trash that your household creates, dumpster rental companies are able to offer various sizes and designs of dumpsters for your specific needs. However, the trash in the dumpsters naturally attracts pests, which can create significant health problems. Pests can also damage housing structure, and bring about chaos. Make sure that the dumpsters are made from metal, so that they are secure, durable, and capable of tolerating wear well. Here are 3 other dumpster management techniques that you can implement to reduce pest problems: Find An Ideal Location For The Dumpster Although most homeowners don’t realize it, the location where they place their dumpster will affect how vulnerable the dumpster is to pests. Find a location that fulfills the following conditions: being a minimum of 50 feet from doors. Preferably, most professionals recommend dumpsters to be placed 100 feet from doors if the property permits it.  being placed on concrete slabs, so that rodents cannot burrow underneath to access the trash. If there are no concrete areas in the surrounding environment, consider installing pads underneath the dumpsters. having no plants or shrubs around the dumpster. Not only will shrubs and other plants conceal trash that may have fallen out from the dumpster, but they may also help conceal the habitat of the pests, so that they cannot be easily identified during an inspection. Weeds and grass around the dumpster should be trimmed, if they cannot be removed. Get A Dumpster With A Lid Did you know that a rat can jump 3 feet vertically and 4 feet horizontally? Most pests are more capable than you think, and can easily get into a dumpster that is not sealed off with a lid. Even if you have a tall dumpster, the dumpster is still a buffet for pests. Make sure that you only rent dumpsters that have tightly-fitted lids on top. You want to make sure that the lids are closed at all times, as this will help prevent the trash from overflowing onto the ground, getting blown out by the wind or being accessible to any pests. Additionally, make sure that the lids cannot be easily opened. Pests, like raccoons, have been known to be rather crafty, and can open dumpster lids with ease. As a result, there has been a lot of advancement in the design of dumpsters recently, and many dumpsters have complicated mechanisms for opening and closing the lids. Also, make sure that the lids are rather heavy, so that they do not get blown open easily by the wind.  Make Sure Your Dumpster Is Odor-Free Let’s face it. Rats and other pests zero in on the stench and odor that comes from the dumpsters. To reduce pest problems, make sure that your dumpster is odor-free to the best of your ability. Common tactics implemented include: using a dumpster deodorizer. Some deodorizers are a bioactive nonpathogenic formula. The bioactive nonpathogenic formula consists of non-harmful bacteria that can easily digest grease and organic soils. The formula is not only a strong cleaner, but also has a nice floral fragrance that will keep your dumpster smelling fresh, thus preventing pests from...

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Five Steps To Protect Your Mobile Home This Winter

Posted by on Dec 10, 2014 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Whether your mobile or manufactured home is freestanding on private land or part of a mobile home community, it is particularly vulnerable to cold, wet, windy winter weather. A long cold snap can cause pipes to burst, gutters to fall like leaves, and heating bills to skyrocket. Luckily, there are a number of steps you can take to help protect your home from the elements. Read on for information about mobile home supplies that can help you to winterize your dwelling. 1. Protect your pipes Because a mobile home sits above ground level and doesn’t have a basement or crawlspace to help insulate pipes, it is important to ensure that your pipes don’t freeze. Not only can frozen pipes halt the flow of water to your home, they can lead to significant (and expensive) interior plumbing damage. One way to insulate your pipes is to ensure that any cold air access to the area below floor level is minimal. Be sure your skirting is solid and free of holes or air leaks. Another quick way to winterize your pipes is to “heat tape” them. Heat tape is a special type of insulating tape that can actually generate heat to keep pipes from freezing. Once you’ve heat taped your pipes, you’ll want to check them each fall to ensure that they’re still in good condition and haven’t been chewed or frayed. Even if you’ve taken those steps, on nights you’re expecting unusually cold weather, you’ll want to leave a few faucets running. This constant water flow will generally prevent your pipes from freezing. 2. Check your windows Leaky or drafty windows are of the biggest sources of heat loss in (and high utility bills for) mobile homes. When the weather begins to get chilly, go around to each window and carefully feel for any drafts. If your windows are double-paned, you may notice small areas of frost forming on the interior of the window if it’s not well-insulated. Drafty windows can easily be repaired by sealing them with a plastic insulation material available at any home improvement store. If the leak is coming from a chipped or broken area of window frame, and you’d rather not replace the entire window, you can use caulk to provide a better seal, or weather tape to eliminate any gap between the window and frame. 3. Seal your roof If you have a peaked roof, you’ll want to ensure that any gaps in the area where the two sides meet are completely sealed. If melted snow flows into the area between your roof and ceiling, you could end up with a partially-collapsed roof or a mold problem. Luckily, sealing your roof is fairly simple and can be accomplished by painting on a roof sealer available at your local home improvement store. Be sure to also tackle any areas where two surfaces meet, such as chimneys, skylights, and roof caps. 4. Don’t forget your gutters While you’re busy sealing your roof, give your gutters a good once-over. Any leaves or debris should be brushed or flushed out, and you can use a rake handle or broomstick to ensure that there are no blockages in the drainage pipes. If the thought of cleaning gutters makes you want to take a nap instead, you may want to...

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